This Is How Hospital Mergers Are Affecting American Healthcare Industry Consumers
You deserve premium quality healthcare that doesn’t burn a hole in your pocket. However, for most American families, healthcare has become too expensive. A major factor behind the hike in healthcare costs is the increasing consolidation between hospital and hospital systems. According to the Director of Public Affairs for the Federal Trade Commission, too many mergers between hospitals caused a huge price increase. And this results in diminished care for those who need urgent treatment. The sad part is that Americans have to face this almost every day, paying exorbitant prices for medical services. In this blog, we discuss how hospital mergers affect American healthcare industry consumers.
Lower Competition Resulting in High Healthcare Costs
According to a recent study, hospital concentration has led to a 5% higher average yearly Marketplace health insurance premiums than those areas that have a lower concentration. Another study on hospital prices for individuals under employer health plans also had shocking revelations. It found that hospitals without competition in 15 miles charge 12% higher prices than areas with four or more hospitals.
Considering the average amount of the premium that Americans pay for treatment at the hospitals, that is 42%. And an additional 12% surcharge owing to non-competition leads to an average hike of more than $1000. For those who have employer-sponsored health insurance, the annual increase is $370.
Inferior Quality of Healthcare
Some believe that hospital consolidation would improve healthcare and be beneficial to consumers. However, according to a 2009-2013 study on hospital acquisitions and merges, this is far away from the truth. A merger or acquisition is usually a result of poor patient experience and a lack of significant changes in mortality rates or readmission in the hospital.
Hospital market concentration differs from an insurance market concentration. A study reveals that a patient experiences an inferior quality of healthcare due to the former. A hospital merger in Evanston faced legal action. The economists from the Federal Trade Commission wanted to find out whether this merger would lead to a better clinical quality.
Based on comparisons between various clinical outcomes, there existed little or no evidence that could improve healthcare quality. Simultaneously, the Administrative Law Judge too came to the same conclusion. So, going by the evidence from numerous studies, we can say without a doubt that hospital mergers and acquisitions do not result in better quality healthcare. However, it might impact the quality of patient care negatively.
Hospital Consolidation is On the Rise
Hospital consolidation is not a recent trend. It continued even when the world was reeling under the impact of COVID-19. This consolidation has strengthened the anti-competitive power and the practices that the large hospital chains indulge in. Bad situations have worsened with time due to this. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, a 2020 MedPAC report found that around 90% of the hospital markets are moving toward concentration according to FTC or Federal Trade Commission standards.
Besides that, the study also found another trend. A particular hospital system occupied more than half of the market share of discharges. Consumers have no choices, which is worse than the concentrated hospital markets. Another study from 2007 to 2017 suggests that 19% of the hospital markets covering over 11 million Americans belong to a single hospital system. As a result, hospitals with higher concentrations had a poorer supply of physicians than areas with lower concentrations.
In the times to come, the current trend will probably deteriorate without any enforcement from the Federal Government. There is no authority right now that would control the hospital consolidations. Therefore, large hospitals can easily use their anti-competition behavior at the expense of the consumers who need quality healthcare at affordable prices.
Increased competition between hospitals would keep the rising healthcare costs under control. And this would help Americans choose a proper health insurance plan for themselves. Rising healthcare costs have been a major headache for average Americans for quite a few years now. Antitrust lawsuits by the FTC are not enough for regulating healthcare costs. It requires amendments to the laws of the land. With the increasing focus on healthcare and the need for better access, we can hope that newer regulations will be in place to reduce hospital concentration. Do you think that hospital merges will impact your healthcare and insurance? Do share your thoughts in the comments section!
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