Five Most Common Mental Health Issues
Recent research by the World Health Organization showed that over 93 percent of the world nations are experiencing a disruption in mental health services. And all this is a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Earlier research showed an increase in the number of people battling mental health issues during the pandemic and the lockdown. One could only imagine the ordeal all the people out there battling mental health issues might be facing during this crisis.
While we are talking about mental health, do you know the most common mental health issues? Here are five types of mental illnesses and disabilities that are most common.
If you are suffering from any of these, or know someone who might be battling it, make sure you do your best to help them feel better. Never hesitate to seek professional help. Remember, your mental health is as important, if not more, than your physical health!
Strong feelings of anxiety, worry, fear, etc. that interfere with an individual’s normal functioning are considered an anxiety disorder. Types of an anxiety disorder include panic attacks, OCD, and PTSD, which makes them restless.
While it interferes with the individual’s normal functioning and can be life-threatening, the relief comes from being treatable. With regular therapy and medication, a person can overcome anxiety disorders.
Mood disorders are more than just a behavioral issue. It is a mental health disorder where a person constantly battles with two extreme emotions. Categorized by periods of mania or happiness, followed by periods of depression or sadness, they are constantly battling between two extreme behaviors. The common names for this disorder are manic depression or bipolar disorders.
It is possible to treat mood disorders if the person approaches a professional and is willing to undergo therapy. Besides therapy, it also involves the use of antidepressants and other mood-stabilizing medications. The therapist might also teach the person other coping mechanisms and lifestyle changes that would help them cope with the mood swings.
Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia falls under the category of psychotic disorders where a person feels disconnected from reality. Dominated by their delusions and hallucinations, they find it difficult to cope with everyday life situations. Numerous reasons could trigger psychotic disorders and schizophrenia.
However, the researchers are yet to place a definitive finger on what makes a few people vulnerable over the others. But they believe that stressful life situations might trigger a psychotic episode. However, it is possible to control schizophrenia and other psychotic disorder symptoms with therapy and medication. But a person has to use them for their entire lifetime.
This is an age-related mental health issue that interferes with the everyday functioning of the elderly. Globally, the number of people battling dementia stands at around 50 million, with 10 million cases adding to this count every year. Of this, over 87,199 people die globally due to dementia.
Limited thinking, forgetfulness, and impaired social skills make it difficult for people with dementia to go on with their life. And this puts them in situations where they might induce harm upon themselves. Besides that, a person’s ability to cope with infections, physical illness, and other health issues also hit when they are battling dementia. While it is not possible to completely cure a person of dementia, it is possible to control a few symptoms and improve the individual’s functioning.
Eating disorder is a type of mental health issue in which the people battling the disorder develop an emotional behavior towards eating. They become excessively conscious of their weight and what they eat. While most people believe that only women and those in the entertainment industry suffer from this, it is far from the truth!
Eating disorders are a life-consuming and serious mental health concerns. It is not something that a person can get over if they make up their mind. So, make sure to take professional help as recovery from an eating disorder is possible!
While it is easy to stereotype or ask people to stop being mentally depressed, we only add to their woes. So, please be as supportive as you can. And if you cannot say kind words or act nicely, do not say or do anything that would add to their struggle. Remember, mental illness, just like physical illness, is not something the person has control over!
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