Everything You Need To Know About Type 2 Diabetes
One in three Americans is potentially diabetic without them having even a clue about it. You can determine whether you have diabetes or not by taking a simple blood test. Studies show that small changes in your lifestyle can effectively stop you from being diabetic. Diabetes mellitus Type 2 (or simply, type 2 diabetes), the sixth most common health problem in the USA according to Mayo Clinic, can potentially lead to other equally life-threatening conditions, such as heart diseases, kidney diseases, stroke, and even blindness.
Are You Diabetic?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC recently published a report which shows that 84 million Americans, which is more or less one-third of the entire population, are suffering from pre-diabetic conditions. Among the people who are already affected, 90% do not even know that they are suffering from the condition, although diabetes is not really irremediable. The biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes are lifestyle and genetics. If you are broad in the beam and lead a sedentary lifestyle, you are in the high-risk zone. Also, if your family health history suggests that one or more of your family members had or currently have diabetes, you should immediately take a blood test at your nearest health center.
What Are The Health Risks?
The health risks of diabetes go far beyond stroke and heart diseases. As the condition gets worse, kidney diseases, partial or full blindness, and lower limb amputation are the other potential health risks. In 2015, diabetes was the seventh biggest cause of death in the country, according to the reports published by the CDC. Type 2 diabetes is progressive in nature, and within just ten years of diagnosis, at least one in every two diabetic individuals has to use insulin. A whopping 9.4% of the US population is already battling the condition, and it’s a high time that every American takes the condition seriously.
What Is Pre-Diabetes?
You are pre-diabetic when your blood sugar levels are abnormally high, but not high enough to cause type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes is often described by doctors as Impaired Glucose Tolerance. Usually, taking an A1C test is recommended by doctors to detect the condition. The test provides information on the average blood glucose levels of an individual over a period of 90 days. Often, patients do not feel they should see a doctor which is a major part of the problem. Take the case of William Argenta, who was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, had not paid a visit to his doctor for five years. He used to experience a feeling of being exceedingly thirsty, but he never felt that he should see a doctor.
What Should You Do When If You Are Diagnosed Pre-Diabetic?
If you can watch your weight and bring some changes in your diet plan, you can easily improve your blood sugar levels, and reduce your chances of getting a heart attack. To start off, calculate your Body Mass Index or BMI (If your BMI is less than twenty-five, you are not in the risk-zone) and if you are overweight, set a goal to lose your weight. For instance, if you weigh 250 pounds, try to use 7% of your current body weight or in this case, 18 pounds. Also, avoid all sorts of fatty foods, such as fried snacks, pastries, hot dogs, and pre-cooked meats. Also, if your doctor permits, you should also reduce your daily calorie intake. Always consult a nutritionist to know which foods are calorie-rich and which are not.
Stay Active, Live Healthy
If you can get at least one hundred and fifty minutes of workout every week, there’s no better way to fight off type 2 diabetes than that. Walking, swimming, biking – all are effective exercises that can help you lose your extra pounds, help the proper circulation of blood flow, and improve health in general. Once you adopt a new workout regimen, stick to it and do not stop exercising. If you do not have health problems that result in limited physical dexterity, do weight training at least thrice a week. You can also opt for high-intensity interval training such as aerobic activities.
Whatever you do, do not forget to consult your doctor before you pick a particular food from the supermarket. You should also ask your doctor before following a certain workout routine. Keep in mind that if you fail to choose a diet or workout plan approved by your doctor, it may cause more harm than good. Though it all sounds like a lot of work, these will eventually pay off in time as your physical health must be a priority at all times.
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